Morality Handout 10-26-2011

26 Oct

Skeletal Structure for Service Learning

 

  1. Examine the History and Culture of Appalachia – Give a Thick Description

 

q      What are the greatest strengths of the region?

 

 

q      What are the most pressing needs?

 

 

q      What structures are already in place into which we can link?

 

 

 

  1. Social Justice Needs

 

 

 

  1. Distributive Justice Needs

 

 

 

  1. Commutative Justice Needs

 

 

 

 

  1. What relationships need to be cultivated to give strength in numbers (civil society of a sort)?

 

 

 

 

Double Effect Case Studies from the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy – http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/double-effect/

 

2. Applications

 

Many morally reflective people have been persuaded that something along the lines of double effect must be correct. No doubt this is because at least some of the examples cited as illustrations of DE have considerable intuitive appeal:

 

1. The terror bomber aims to bring about civilian deaths in order to weaken the resolve of the enemy: when his bombs kill civilians this is a consequence that he intends. The tactical bomber aims at military targets while foreseeing that bombing such targets will cause civilian deaths. When his bombs kill civilians this is a foreseen but unintended consequence of his actions. Even if it is equally certain that the two bombers will cause the same number of civilian deaths, terror bombing is impermissible while tactical bombing is permissible.

2. A doctor who intends to hasten the death of a terminally ill patient by injecting a large dose of morphine would act impermissibly because he intends to bring about the patient’s death. However, a doctor who intended to relieve the patient’s pain with that same dose and merely foresaw the hastening of the patient’s death would act permissibly. (The mistaken assumption that the use of opioid drugs for pain relief tends to hasten death is discussed below in section 5.)

4. To kill a person whom you know to be plotting to kill you would be impermissible because it would be a case of intentional killing; however, to strike in self-defense against an aggressor is permissible, even if one foresees that the blow by which one defends oneself will be fatal.

6. Sacrificing one’s own life in order to save the lives of others can be distinguished from suicide by characterizing the agent’s intention: a soldier who throws himself on a live grenade intends to shield others from its blast and merely foresees his own death; by contrast, a person who commits suicide intends to bring his or her own life to an end.

 

 

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